Jiggy (Hind) Priority Area for Action Desktop Report

Jan 2020



Landfill waste (Roscommon Landfill, closed)

Urban Run-off

Combined sewer overflows

The main pathway in the urban environment will be pipes in the form of primary or secondary discharges from WwTp, Combined Sewer overflows, pumping stations and misconnections.

Hydromorphology (the river has been heavily modified for flood risk)

Groody Priority Area for Action Desktop Report


Feb 2020

The Groody river flows into the lower Shannon. The area includes part of the Ballyneety groundwater body, which is the drinking water supply for Caherconlish.

Agriculture and diffuse urban runoff: phosphate, ammonia and organic pollution

Diffuse urban pressures are mainly caused by misconnections, leaking sewers and runoff from paved and unpaved areas.

Channelisation and drainage has taken place that have resulted in loss of river habitat and changes to the flow regime.

Septic tanks in the upper reaches of this river are inadequate

Hydromorphology example:

Dublin Urban Rivers LIFE

LIFE17 ENV/IE/000281

Start Date: 02/07/2018
End Date: 03/06/2022
Total Budget: 2,533,430 €
EU Contribution: 1,291,528 €

Coordinating Beneficiary: South Dublin County Council
Legal Status: PRIVATE
Address: County Hall, D24 YNN5, Dublin, Ireland
Contact Person: Richard Fitzpatrick
Email: richardfitzpatrick@sdublincoco.ie

To demonstrate the effectiveness of stormwater improvement options in urban areas using proven decision making tools



Private wastewater discharges, which include losses from urban wastewater misconnections have a significant impact on water quality. Misconnections are when toilets, sinks, washing machines or dishwashers are incorrectly linked to drains and channels designed to receive rainwater. The result is that household wastewater ends up in the surface drainage system rather than sewers. The European Environment Agency (EEA) estimates an average misconnection rate of 3-4% in the EU and says that “there is a clear need to develop a more systematic procedure and appropriate protocols for identifying polluted surface water outfalls and in source-tracking misconnections”.

Drainage misconnections have been identified as contributing to poor bathing water quality at Merrion Strand beach in County Dublin and to Ireland’s failure to achieve good ecological status for its surface waters, in contravention of the Water Framework Directive.


The Dublin Urban Rivers LIFE project seeks to improve water quality in County Dublin and beyond by making it quicker and cheaper to carry out domestic misconnection inspections using a novel GIS-based approach. This will involve carrying out inspections at 12 000 households and using the data to help develop a decision-support tool for water managers, project developers and policy-makers to use when deciding options to improve river water quality in urban areas. Dublin Urban Rivers LIFE will also construct artificial wetlands at five strategic locations. These natural water retention measures will improve the quality of the receiving river water, provide flood alleviation, bioretention of particulates and nutrients, improve habitat conditions and biodiversity, and promote the relationship between green infrastructure and public wellbeing. The project will also develop tools that planners can use to identify suitable locations for artificial wetlands in existing and future housing development zones and development plans for the Dublin area.

Through its actions, the project intends to bring about a culture shift in the attitude of stakeholders, local authorities and policy-makers in relation to the importance of misconnections and artificial wetlands to urban water quality.

Dublin Urban Rivers LIFE is expected to have a positive impact on the implementation of the Water Framework Directive and a raft of supporting policy on water quality, including the Bathing Water Directive, Floods Directive, Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive, Groundwater Directive and Marine Strategy Framework Directive. The project will also support the implementation of the Nitrates Directive and the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020.

Expected results: Some 12 000 door-to-door inspections carried out and 1 390-point sources of pollution fixed. This will result in a 45 000 litres/day reduction in domestic misconnection effluent discharged to rivers; Installation of two artificial wetlands in the River Griffeen catchment, and three artificial wetlands in the River Camac catchment, resulting in treatment of 33 000 litres/day of storm water; More than 90% of storm water flows to the Griffeen River and more than 80% of storm water flows to the Carrickmines Stream treated/improved. This will lead to a change of ecological status from Moderate to Good for these two waterbodies; An online decision-support tool for use by local authorities and environmental agencies to assist in deciding options for treating contaminated storm water from domestic urban areas; The decision-support tool used to assess one urban waterbody in each of the functional areas of the project partners of Dublin, Cork, Galway, Waterford, Limerick Cities and Sligo Town to choose the most appropriate option to return them to good ecological status; An information campaign leading to a five-fold increase in public awareness of domestic misconnections in the project area, measured by way of surveys; and Assessment of future development land for its suitability for artificial wetlands.

Surface / Storm Water Run-off Discharges from Industrial Settlement Ponds

Example: SmartPly, OSB manufacturing plant, Waterford

Plant emissions to water are from storm water run-off from the logyard, roofs and paved areas. This water is collected via a series of drains and channeled into two settlement ponds, each capable of holding 2500m3. An additional holding capacity of 5000m3 is provided by two emergency holding ponds (EHTs) which are utilised in the event of a spill or emergency situation.

In the settlement ponds, the water is allowed to settle and any particulates present, such as silt, grit etc., settle out of solution to the bottom to form sludge. Following settlement the now treated water is released to the River Suir.

The problem is when heavy rain overwhelms this settlement system, and flushes the ponds into the Suir. This site is due for upgrade of the settlement pond system to increase capacity.

How many similar settlement ponds are in operation in Ireland, and how many are at capacity in the event of heavy rainfall or stormwater ?

Implementation Strategy for Nature Based Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems

A working group has been established jointly by the CCMA and DHLGH to oversee the development of a project scope to deliver an implementation strategy for nature based Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems on a national scale.

This strategy will support the City and County Development plans in the implementation of nature based solutions to surface water
management through water sensitive urban designs.

The provision of interim guidance documentation to the Local and Planning Authorities on measures to be implemented to support the delivery of a greater focus on nature based solutions in advance of a national implementation strategy is also called out in the plan.

Further actions also include:

  1. The National Bathing Water Expert Group to undertake a project to determine the most suitable approach to protecting bathers’ health outside of the current bathing season in Dublin Bay.
  2. DHLGH to amend the existing Bathing Water Regulations (S.I. No. 79 of 2008) to provide discretion to local authorities on determining the bathing season for individual bathing waters.
  3. Establish a programme for the modelling and monitoring of rainwater run-off and overflows.
  4. Oversee the preparation of integrated urban drainage management plans.